Romania Digital Nomad Visa: Requirements and Application Process

Romania, an Eastern European country known for some of the world’s legendary storybook exploits, rich history, and breathtaking landscapes has become one of the most popular destinations for digital nomads.

In December 2021, Romania launched its Long Stay Visa for Digital Nomads, heeding the call to embrace the global remote and digital nomad lifestyle as a way to boost their economy in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Long Stay Visa is open to non-EU nationals and allows holders to live and work remotely in the country for up to 12 months, with an option to extend provided you meet the criteria for eligibility. Foreign income earned during their stay in Romania is tax-free, subject to tax residency policies in place.

Romania boasts of having one of the fastest internet speeds in Europe, a relatively lower cost of living compared to many of its neighboring countries in the region, and is home to one of the world’s most influential and literary fictional characters, Count Dracula of Transylvania.

In this article, we delve into the Romania Long Stay Visa for digital nomads and cover the essentials- eligibility criteria, application process, and financial requirements—ensuring you have all the information you need to make an informed decision.

What is the Romania Digital Nomad Visa?

The Romania Digital Nomad Visa, officially known as the Long Stay Visa for Digital Nomads, represents a significant advancement in Romania’s approach to embracing the global digital workforce.

This visa allows foreign nationals who work remotely for companies outside Romania or are self-employed in a digital profession, to live in Romania while continuing their professional activities.

  • Employment Status: Applicants must prove they are employed with companies registered outside of Romania or are self-employed in a digital field.
  • Income Requirement: There is a minimum income threshold that applicants must meet, typically set at a level significantly higher than the average income in Romania, ensuring financial independence.
  • Proof of Remote Work: Evidence of the ability to perform work remotely, through contracts or other legal documents.
  • Documentation: Applicants need to provide documents proving their employment status, income level, health insurance coverage, and accommodation in Romania.
  • Application Venue: The application can usually be initiated at the Romanian consulate or embassy in the applicant’s home country.
  • Duration: The visa allows for an initial stay of up to one year, with the possibility of an extension if the eligibility criteria continue to be met.

Situated at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe, Romania offers an excellent base for digital nomads looking to explore the continent. Its strategic location means easy travel to neighboring countries and quick access to diverse cultures, landscapes, and experiences.

The Benefits of the Romania Digital Nomad Visa

Image text showing benefits of The Romania Digital Nomad Visa

The Romania Digital Nomad Visa offers several enticing benefits and unique features that make Romania an inviting destination for digital nomads. Here are some of the key highlights and trivia that add to its appeal:

  • Tax Incentives: One of the most appealing aspects of the Romania digital nomad visa is the tax advantage for digital nomads. If you are paying taxes in your home country, Romania does not levy additional income tax on your global earnings, making it financially attractive​​​​.
  • Duration and Renewability: The visa is initially valid for one year, with the option to renew for another year. This offers digital nomads the flexibility to plan longer stays in Romania, immersing themselves in the local culture and exploring the country​​​​.
  • Low Cost of Living: Romania boasts one of the lowest costs of living in Europe, without compromising on the quality of life. This economic advantage allows digital nomads to enjoy a high standard of living while managing their expenses effectively​​​​.
  • Fast Internet Speed: Known for having one of the fastest internet speeds in Europe, Romania ensures that digital nomads can work efficiently and stay connected with their global clients or team members without any hassle​​.
  • Rich Cultural and Natural Landscape: From the active city life of Bucharest to the scenic beauty of Transylvania and the Black Sea coast, Romania offers a diverse range of environments to suit any preference. The country’s rich history and cultural heritage provide a stimulating backdrop for work and leisure​​​​.
  • Tech-Friendly Environment: Romania’s recognition as an emerging tech hub, especially in cities like Bucharest and Cluj-Napoca, means digital nomads can find a thriving community of tech professionals and startups. This environment fosters networking and collaboration opportunities​​.
  • Cultural Diversity: Romania’s diverse cultural influences, from Latin, to Slavic, to Ottoman, are reflected in its architecture, cuisine, and traditions. Digital nomads can experience a unique blend of cultures that enriches their stay​​.
  • Outdoor Adventures: For those who love nature and adventure, Romania offers vast opportunities for hiking, skiing, and exploring natural landscapes. The Carpathian Mountains and the Danube Delta are just a couple of examples where nomads can enjoy outdoor activities​​.
  • Visa-Free Schengen Travel: While the digital nomad visa does not directly offer Schengen area access without additional visas, Romania’s position as an EU country and its proximity to Schengen states make it a convenient base for exploring Europe​​​​.

These benefits and unique features make Romania an increasingly popular choice among digital nomads looking for their next remote destination. The combination of financial advantages, cultural richness, and natural beauty, along with a welcoming environment for tech professionals, positions Romania as an ideal spot for remote workers seeking a blend of work and travel.

The Romania Digital Nomad Visa – Requirements, Application & Costs

Image text showing requirements for The Romania Digital Nomad Visa

To apply for the Romania Digital Nomad Visa, also known as the Long Stay Visa for Other Purposes – D/AS (For Nomads), applicants need to fulfill specific requirements and submit a comprehensive set of documents.

This visa aims to attract remote workers by offering them the opportunity to live and work in Romania, leveraging the country’s rich culture, fast internet, and affordable living costs.

Requirements:

  • Ability to Work Remotely: You must demonstrate that your work can be performed remotely, using digital technologies, from anywhere outside Romania.
  • Non-Romanian Employer or Business: If employed, your employer should not be registered in Romania. Freelancers and entrepreneurs must show that their business activities are conducted with clients or companies outside of Romania.
  • Age Requirement: While specific age requirements are not explicitly mentioned, applicants should be of legal working age, typically 18 years or older.
  • Valid Passport: Your passport must have at least 6 months of validity beyond your intended stay in Romania.
  • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage for the entire duration of the stay, covering at least €30,000.
  • Criminal Record Certificate: A clean criminal record from your country of residence or from any country where you have lived in the past year.
  • Proof of Accommodation: Evidence of a place to stay in Romania, such as a hotel reservation, rental agreement, or property ownership.
  • Income Threshold: Applicants must prove they have a stable and substantial income to support themselves during their stay. This is typically quantified as having average earnings three times the gross monthly average salary in Romania over the past six months. The income threshold has been reported to range between €3,300 and €3,700 for the past six months.
  • Bank Statements: Documentation to prove financial stability, such as bank statements or proof of income.
  • Initial Visa Validity: The Romania Digital Nomad Visa is initially valid for one year and can be renewed for another year upon meeting the renewal criteria, including proving continued income and remote work capability.
  • Renewal Process: To extend the visa, applicants need to present verifiable proof of income for the preceding six months and meet all previously mentioned criteria.

Application Process

The application process can be started online, which is convenient for digital nomads located anywhere in the world.

Specifics such as the visa fee amount, document format, and other minute details should be verified on the eVisa platform or through direct communication with a Romanian consulate or embassy, as there might be changes or policy revisions that need your attention.

Step 1: Determine Eligibility

Ensure you meet the eligibility criteria for the Romania Digital Nomad Visa, including the ability to work remotely for a company not registered in Romania or running a business that operates with clients outside Romania. Also, check the financial requirements to prove you have a stable income.

Step 2: Gather Required Documents

Prepare the necessary documents, which typically include:

  • Proof of remote work capability.
  • Financial proof of stable and sufficient income.
  • Health insurance is valid for the duration of your stay.
  • Criminal record certificate.
  • Proof of accommodation in Romania.
  • Valid passport and passport-sized photos.

Step 3: Choose the Application Platform

Decide whether to apply online or at a Romanian embassy or consulate in your country. The online process is facilitated through the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ eVisa platform.

Step 4: Register on eVisa and Fill Out the Application

If applying online, create an account on the eVisa platform, fill out the application form with the required information, and upload the necessary documents.

Step 5: Pay the Visa Fees

After completing the application form, you will be prompted to pay the visa fees. This usually occurs towards the end of the online application process. The fee must be paid online as part of the application submission process.

Step 6: Submit the Application

Review your application and submit it once you are sure all the information is accurate and all required documents have been uploaded.

Step 7: Visa Processing

After submitting your application, there will be a waiting period for processing, which can take between 10 to 14 business days. During this time, your application will be reviewed, and you may be contacted for additional information or clarification.

Step 8: Receiving Your Visa

Once your application is approved, you will be notified, and your visa will be issued. If you applied online, you might need to visit a Romanian embassy or consulate to have the visa stamped on your passport, or it might be sent to you electronically, depending on the local procedures.

Step 9: Entering Romania

With the visa, you can now enter Romania. Ensure you carry all the original documents you submitted during the application process, as you may need to present them at the border control.

Step 10: Staying in Romania

Once in Romania, adhere to the conditions of your visa, including not undertaking local employment. You can renew your visa near its expiration if you wish to extend your stay, following a similar process and proving your ongoing eligibility.

Costs

Note that the local currency in Romania is the Romanian Leu (RON), but for broader understanding, costs may also be referenced in USD (to convert to RON, you might use the current exchange rate for more accuracy).

  • Visa Application Fee: The application fee for a Romania Digital Nomad Visa is approximately €100 (roughly 490 RON or $110 USD). This fee is paid at the time of application submission.
  • Residence Permit Application Fee: Once in Romania, you need to apply for a residence permit. The cost is around €120 (approximately 590 RON or $130 USD).
  • Health Insurance: Applicants must have health insurance coverage for the duration of their stay. The cost can vary significantly based on coverage, age, and the insurance provider. An average estimate might be around €200-€400 (980 to 1960 RON or $220-$440 USD) for a year.
  • Proof of Financial Means: You need to demonstrate sufficient funds to support your stay. While this is not a direct cost, you earn at least three times the average monthly income of €1,100 (approximately 5400 RON or $1200 USD) in Romania which ranges between €3,300 and €3,700 over the last 6 months. There is no direct fee, but it’s a financial requirement.
  • Accommodation Proof: Renting a place or a hotel booking can serve as proof. The cost varies widely depending on the city and type of accommodation.
  • Legal and Translation Services: If you use the services of a legal advisor or need documents translated, the costs can vary. For translation services, you might expect to pay around €20-€50 (98 to 245 RON or $22-$55 USD) per page.
  • Background Check: Some applicants might need to provide a criminal record certificate, which can involve a fee depending on the country of origin. In the U.S., for example, this might cost around $18-$50 (approximately 88 to 245 RON or $20-$55 USD).

Payment Methods

  • Visa and Residence Permit Fees: These fees are typically paid either online or at the consulate/embassy when you apply. Payment methods can include credit/debit cards, bank transfers, or cash, depending on the specific office’s policies.
  • Health Insurance: Usually paid online directly to the insurance provider, with payment options including credit/debit cards or bank transfers.
  • Legal and Translation Services: Payment methods can vary, but many service providers accept bank transfers, credit cards, and sometimes cash.

Credit cards are widely accepted for many of the services related to the visa application process. However, cash payments might be necessary for some local services (like translations), especially in smaller towns or for certain official payments in Romania.

Bank Transfers are commonly used for larger transactions or when dealing with institutions that require direct payments and keep in mind that exchange rates and bank fees can add to your costs, especially if you’re converting currency or making international transfers. It’s wise to have a bit of flexibility in your budget to accommodate these variable costs.

wooden bridge with stone full of green molds near water

Cost of Living in Romania

Living as a digital nomad in Romania offers a blend of lively culture, scenic landscapes, and an affordable cost of living.

The estimates below will give you a clearer picture of what to budget for while enjoying Romania’s rich offerings.

The costs are given in Romanian Leu (RON), with approximate equivalents in Euros (EUR) and US Dollars (USD) for a broader understanding. Please note, that exchange rates can fluctuate, so these equivalents are based on current rates.

Monthly Cost of Living in Romania (Averages)

Accommodation (1-bedroom apartment in the city center): 2,500 RON (€510 / $560). Prices can vary significantly based on the city, with Bucharest being the most expensive and other cities like Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, or Iași offering more affordable options.

  • Utilities (Electricity, Heating, Cooling, Water, Garbage): 350 RON (€71 / $78). The cost might fluctuate based on consumption and the season.
  • Internet (60 Mbps or More, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL): 40 RON (€8 / $9). Romania is known for its high-speed internet at competitive prices.
  • Groceries: 1,200 RON (€244 / $268). This includes food shopping for a balanced diet. Local markets can offer fresher produce at lower prices than supermarkets.
  • Dining Out (Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course Meal for 2): 150 RON (€31 / $34). Eating out is relatively affordable, allowing you to explore Romanian cuisine without breaking the bank.
  • Public Transportation (Monthly Pass): 70 RON (€14 / $15). Public transport is efficient and cost-effective, covering buses, trams, and metro in larger cities.
  • Fitness Club (Monthly Fee for 1 Adult): 150 RON (€31 / $34). Staying fit and healthy is convenient with various gym options available.
  • Entertainment (Cinema, Events, Attractions): 300 RON (€61 / $67). Depending on your interests, this can cover movie tickets, museum entries, and other leisure activities.
  • Health Insurance: This can vary widely based on coverage and provider, but for a basic private health insurance plan, expect around 400 RON (€81 / $89) per month.

Total Monthly Estimate

Combining these costs gives you a ballpark figure for a comfortable lifestyle as a digital nomad in Romania:

  • Total: Approximately 5,060 RON (€1,030 / $1,130) per month.

Notes for Digital Nomads

  • Accommodation Options: Consider co-living spaces or short-term rental apartments tailored for digital nomads, which might offer a community and networking opportunities.
  • Co-working Spaces: These are available across Romania’s major cities, offering flexible plans from 300 RON (€61 / $67) per month for a hot desk, which can be a great way to meet fellow nomads and locals.
  • Cultural Experiences: Allocate part of your budget for traveling within Romania. From the castles of Transylvania to the beaches of the Black Sea, there’s much to explore.
  • Flexibility in Budgeting: Depending on your lifestyle preferences and choices, the actual cost of living can vary. Cities like Bucharest will be on the higher end of the spectrum, while smaller towns and rural areas can significantly lower your expenses.

Living in Romania as a digital nomad, you’ll find a blend of modern amenities, rich history, and natural beauty, all at a cost of living that’s hard to beat in Europe.

This makes Romania an attractive destination for those looking to stretch their earnings further while exploring new cultures and communities.

Resources to Stay Up to Date with Visa Changes

mountains surrounded by green trees in front is a body of water

Do I Need a Romania Digital Nomad Visa?

If you’re a non-EU citizen aiming to live and work remotely in Romania, the Digital Nomad Visa (DNV) is designed for you. It allows remote workers with a stable income from outside Romania to reside in the country, embracing its culture, lifestyle, and scenic beauty while continuing their professional activities.

Pros of living and working in Romania as a digital nomad

  • Legal Residency: The DNV grants you the legality to live in Romania for up to one year, with the possibility of extension, ensuring peace of mind regarding immigration status.
  • Access to High-Speed Internet: Romania boasts one of the fastest internet speeds globally, a critical asset for digital work.
  • Affordable Cost of Living: Your earnings can go further here than in many other European countries, allowing for a comfortable lifestyle without compromising quality.
  • Rich Culture and Diverse Landscapes: From the bustling city life in Bucharest to the serene beauty of Transylvania, Romania offers diverse experiences for your off-work hours.

Cons of living and working in Romania as a digital nomad

  • Bureaucratic Process: Obtaining the visa involves navigating through paperwork and meeting specific income and insurance requirements, which might seem daunting.
  • Language Barrier: While English is widely spoken among the younger population and in larger cities, in more rural areas, not knowing Romanian can pose a challenge.
  • Seasonal Weather: Be prepared for cold winters, especially if you’re not used to snow and freezing temperatures, which could affect your travel plans within the country.

Romania provides a unique blend of modern amenities and rich historical contexts, making it an intriguing spot for digital nomads.

Co-working spaces are flourishing, particularly in Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, and Timișoara, offering active communities for networking and collaboration. Cafés with reliable Wi-Fi are also popular spots for those who prefer a more informal setting.

You can find a range of accommodation options from city apartments to countryside homes. Short-term rentals are widely available, and some landlords are becoming more open to the nomadic lifestyle, offering flexible terms.

When off the clock, Romania won’t disappoint. Whether you’re into hiking, exploring medieval castles, or enjoying the local cuisine, there’s always something to do. The country’s rich history and natural beauty offer endless exploration opportunities, ensuring you never run out of weekend adventures.

The digital nomad and expat community in Romania is growing, facilitated by meetups and online platforms. This supportive network can be invaluable for newcomers looking to settle in and find their tribe.

So, deciding to apply for a Romania Digital Nomad Visa comes down to your desire for a blend of adventure, culture, affordability, and a robust work-life balance. Romania offers a compelling package for digital nomads, combining the charm of the old world with the necessities of modern remote work.

With careful planning and an open mind, it can be an excellent base for those looking to explore Europe or seek a new home base without breaking the bank.

Best Places to Live or Explore In Romania for Digital Nomads

Image text of the best places to live or explore in Romania

Bucharest

wide concrete building in front of the street-romania digital nomad visa

Romania’s capital is a dynamic mix of history and modernity, known for its sprawling parks, lively nightlife, and burgeoning tech scene. For digital nomads, Bucharest offers:

  • Impact Hub: A coworking space that fosters a community of entrepreneurs and creatives.
  • Carturesti Carusel: A stunning bookstore where you can work from the café inside, surrounded by literature and art.
  • Gradina Verona: A serene café behind the Carturesti bookstore, perfect for working outdoors on sunny days.

Cluj-Napoca

aerial view of the city showing buildings, streets and cars- romania digital nomad visa

Often referred to as the “Silicon Valley of Romania,” Cluj-Napoca is renowned for its tech community, cultural events, and youthful vibe. Digital nomads will appreciate:

  • Cluj Cowork: An inviting coworking space that encourages collaboration and innovation.
  • Samsara Foodhouse: Offering a tranquil atmosphere and vegetarian cuisine, ideal for lunch meetings or solo work sessions.
  • Central Park: With free Wi-Fi and plenty of green space, it’s great for working outdoors or taking a break.

Timișoara

a river in between in city surrounded by buildings and trees- romania digital nomad visa

Known for its architectural diversity and status as a cultural hub, Timișoara will be the European Capital of Culture. It’s perfect for nomads looking for inspiration and:

  • Ambasada: A coworking space that doubles as a cultural hub, hosting various workshops and events.
  • Scârț Loc Lejer: A quirky café and bar, ideal for evening relaxation or casual work sessions.
  • Botanical Garden: Offers a peaceful retreat for those seeking quietude or a natural setting for work.

Brasov

red cable car on top showing city view with buildings and houses- romania digital nomad visa

Nestled in the heart of Transylvania, Brasov boasts medieval charm, proximity to nature, and a relaxed lifestyle. It’s a hit for nomads who enjoy history and nature with spots like:

  • Kafe Pub: A cozy café with reliable Wi-Fi and excellent coffee, suitable for working hours.
  • Republicii Street: Lined with cafes and restaurants, offering plenty of choices for outdoor work or leisure.
  • Tampa Mountain: Provides outdoor enthusiasts with hiking trails and stunning views, perfect for a work break.

Iași

wide structure building with statue in middle front and colorful flowers- romania digital nomad visa

As the cultural capital of the Moldova region, Iași is teeming with history, academic life, and green spaces. It offers a quieter but equally enriching environment with:

  • FABER: A community-oriented coworking space that caters to creative minds and professionals.
  • Te Bistro: A quaint café with a cozy atmosphere, ideal for writing or designing.
  • Botanical Garden: The oldest and largest in Romania, it’s a beautiful spot for relaxation and inspiration.

Sibiu

people walking and sitting in an open space in front of the concrete buildings- romania digital nomad visa

Known for its Germanic architecture, cultural festivals, and historical sites, Sibiu is a UNESCO World Heritage site that charms everyone. Digital nomads can enjoy:

  • Habitat Coworking: A friendly space offering a great environment for productivity and networking.
  • Cafeneaua Liberală: A café that combines a love for coffee with lively discussions and work sessions.
  • Astra Park: The largest open-air museum in Romania, providing a serene setting for work and leisure alike.

Romania Digital Nomad Visa – Summary

Romania’s Long Stay Visa opens a gateway of opportunities for digital nomads seeking a good combination of work and culture in the heart of Eastern Europe. With its robust internet infrastructure, affordable cost of living, and rich cultural background, Romania presents an attractive option for those looking for a new environment while continuing their remote work endeavors.

The benefits of opting for a Romania Digital Nomad Visa are truly compelling. The country is known for its scenic landscapes, from the serene beauty of the Carpathian Mountains to the bustling, history-rich streets of Bucharest and beyond. The affordability of living expenses compared to other European destinations means that digital nomads can enjoy a higher quality of life, indulging in local cuisine, exploring the local culture, and traveling within the country and the region without depleting their savings.

Furthermore, the sense of community among expats and locals fosters a supportive environment for networking and socializing, making the transition smoother and more enjoyable.

However, this journey isn’t without its challenges. Navigating the bureaucratic process to obtain the visa can be daunting for some it demands thorough preparation and understanding of the legal documents and financial requirements.

Additionally, the language barrier may also be a challenge, particularly in more rural areas. However, your choice boils down to weighing your options based on your personal and professional needs and preferences.

For those drawn to Eastern Europe and interested in living in a country that balances modern amenities with historical charm, and do not mind the logistical hurdles, the answer is a resounding yes.

Romania offers a unique, enriching experience that goes beyond the conventional digital nomad hubs, providing a blend of professional productivity and personal adventure, that embodies the country’s commitment to welcoming the global digital workforce, promising a life of exploration, connection, and growth.

If you want to know more about other global destinations, digital nomad visas, and the remote and nomadic lifestyle, check out our other posts on;


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Romania Digital Nomad Visa – FAQs

Do Digital Nomads Pay Tax in Romania?

Yes, digital nomads may need to pay taxes in Romania depending on their residency status and the source of their income. Generally, if you spend more than 183 days in a 12-month period in Romania, you could be considered a tax resident and may be subject to Romanian income tax on your worldwide income.

However, if your stay is shorter, you might only pay tax on the income sourced within Romania. It’s crucial to consult with a tax professional to understand your obligations based on your specific circumstances and to explore any applicable double taxation treaties between Romania and your home country.

What is the Digital Nomad Visa for Romania 2024?

The Romania Digital Nomad Visa, introduced to attract remote workers from non-EU countries, allows individuals to live and work remotely in Romania for up to one year, with the possibility of extension.

Applicants must prove they have a stable remote income — at least €3,300 per month for the six months preceding the application, health insurance covering their stay, and a clean criminal record. This initiative aims to boost the local economy by bringing in remote workers who can contribute without taking jobs from locals.

What is the Easiest Digital Nomad Visa to Obtain in Europe?

The easiest digital nomad visa to obtain varies based on your personal circumstances, including nationality, income level, and intended stay duration. However, countries like Estonia and Croatia have been highlighted for their straightforward application processes and clear requirements.

Estonia’s Digital Nomad Visa and Croatia’s Digital Nomad Residence Permit both offer simplicity and clarity, making them attractive options for many digital nomads seeking to live and work in Europe.

Is it Easy to Get a Romania Work Visa?

Obtaining a work visa in Romania typically involves a more complex process than the Digital Nomad Visa, as it requires a job offer from a Romanian employer who must first obtain a work permit on your behalf.

The process includes proving the vacancy cannot be filled by a Romanian citizen or EU national, alongside meeting the qualifications and experience requirements for the job.

For digital nomads with the freedom to work remotely for companies outside Romania, the Digital Nomad Visa might be a more straightforward and flexible option.

Romania offers a competitive cost of living compared to other popular digital nomad destinations in Europe and worldwide. The affordability of housing, food, and entertainment in cities like Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, and Timișoara makes Romania an attractive option for digital nomads looking to maximize their lifestyle without compromising on quality. Utilities, high-speed internet, and public transportation are also notably inexpensive.

When compared to destinations like Barcelona, Berlin, or Bali, Romania stands out for its value, offering a balanced lifestyle that allows digital nomads to enjoy European culture and natural beauty while managing their expenses effectively.

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