Digital Nomad Visa Europe: Countries Offering Visas & Alternatives

The digital nomad lifestyle trend continues to grow with many countries recognizing the economic and cultural benefits of attracting remote workers. Among these, Europe stands out as the continent with the most countries offering digital nomad visas or similar arrangements designed to attract remote workers from around the world.

Many European countries have launched these initiatives to welcome digital nomads, acknowledging their contribution to the local economy without taking jobs from locals.

Here are a few examples:

  • Estonia was one of the pioneers with its Digital Nomad Visa, allowing remote workers to live and work for up to three months in this European country and legally work for their foreign employers or clients.
  • Croatia followed suit with its own digital nomad visa, offering a one-year stay for non-EU citizens, with the possibility of extension.
  • Portugal offers a temporary stay visa for remote workers, leading to a residence permit under certain conditions, allowing individuals to live and work in the country for a year, with the possibility of renewal.
  • Greece, Spain, and Malta are among the most popular European countries that have introduced or are in the process of introducing visa schemes catering to digital nomads, offering them the chance to work remotely from these countries for up to a year.
  • The Czech Republic has a long-term visa for freelancers and entrepreneurs, which can also be utilized by digital nomads who wish to live and work in the country.

These visas allow digital nomads and remote workers to experience the cultural diversity, rich history, high quality of life, and strong digital infrastructure that many European countries are known for.

In this article, we explore the different digital nomad visas in the European region, understand the key requirements, how to apply, and find out which country could be your next global address.

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Table of Contents

Why is Europe Ideal for Digital Nomads?

Europe is an ideal choice for many digital nomads who are looking for new and enriching experiences while maintaining their nomadic lifestyles or growing their businesses.

Let’s look into the key factors;

  • Diverse Cultures and Languages: Living in different European countries allows digital nomads to immerse themselves in unique cultural practices, learn new languages, and enjoy varied cuisines. This diversity enriches their personal and professional lives by providing fresh perspectives and inspiration.
  • High-Quality Infrastructure and Internet Connectivity: Europe is known for its high-quality infrastructure, including reliable internet connectivity which is among the fastest in the world, and is crucial for digital nomads. Public transportation systems are also generally efficient, making it easy to explore local areas or travel across borders.
  • Variety of Landscapes, Climates, and Lifestyles: From the sunny beaches of Spain and Greece to the snow-capped mountains of Norway and Austria, Europe offers a wide range of natural landscapes. This variety allows digital nomads to choose a setting that suits their lifestyle, whether they prefer coastal living, urban environments, or the tranquility of the countryside.
  • Rich History and Culture: Europe’s history is deeply rooted in its cities and landscapes, offering endless opportunities for exploration. Museums, historical sites, and cultural festivals provide a source of inspiration and numerous leisure activities such as gourmet dining, surfing, skiing, mountain climbing, or golfing, for those looking to enrich their knowledge and experiences.
  • Community and Networking: Many European cities have vibrant digital nomad communities, with co-working spaces, meetups, and networking events. These communities offer support, friendship, and professional connections, making it easier for newcomers to adjust and find their place.
  • Healthcare and Safety: Europe is generally renowned for its high standards of healthcare and safety, which are vital for digital nomads for a worry-free lifestyle, allowing them to focus on their work and enjoy their surroundings at the same time.
  • Proximity to Other Destinations: Europe’s compact geography and excellent transportation links make it easy to travel between countries, especially within the Schengen region. Digital nomads can experience a variety of cultures and settings without long-haul flights, making it an excellent base for those who wish to explore extensively.

What Are The Digital Nomad Visas and Destinations In Europe?

Exploring Europe for its magnificent destinations and experiences has been more favorable and convenient for remote workers with the introduction of these digital nomad visas. There are countries without a specific digital nomad visa, but provide one or more alternatives that are suitable for their needs.

Here’s a list and details of European countries offering digital nomad visas, and alternatives for those without;

Albania

houses in the green hill surrounded by trees and body of water - digital nomad visa europe

Albania launched its Unique Residence Permit in 2022, which is a Type D or long-stay visa designed for digital mobile workers. While this visa is not specifically named as a digital nomad visa, its features are suited for digital nomads and remote workers.

The visa is open to foreign nationals who are self-employed or work remotely using digital or online platforms, to stay in the country for a year and renewable for up to five years.

However, tax exemptions apply only during the first 183 days after which you need to register as a tax resident. All income, including overseas earnings as tax residents, are subject to taxes ranging from 15% to 23%.

Visa application is done online via Albania’s e-Visa portal.

Requirements;

  • Valid passport
  • Recent passport-sized photograph
  • Proof of accommodation in Albania,
  • Work contract or certification issued by an overseas employer or client
  • Bank statement that indicates the flow of finances for the last 12 months.

While there is no set income threshold, visa applicants must show proof of monthly income above the current minimum wage in Albania of €213.50 and annual earnings of at least $9,800.

The cost for this visa varies but typically ranges between $90 to $190.

Croatia

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In 2021, Croatia launched its digital nomad visa, which serves as a temporary residence permit for foreign nationals seeking to do remote work or operate an overseas business in the country. The visa also provides eligibility for permanent residency when aiming for Croatian citizenship.

  • Cost for Visa Application: Approximately €80 for the visa application fee, with an additional fee for the residence permit.
  • Duration of Stay: Up to 12 months, without the possibility of extension. However, after the visa expires, applicants can reapply for another digital nomad visa after 90 days outside of Croatia.

Requirements:

  • Proof of remote work employment or ownership of a company that does not conduct business with Croatian companies directly.
  • A minimum monthly income of approximately €2,500 to ensure financial stability during the stay.
  • Health insurance coverage for the duration of stay in Croatia.
  • A clean criminal record from the applicant’s home country or the country of their permanent residence.
  • Proof of accommodation in Croatia.

Czech Republic

bridge over the water near a community- digital nomad visa europe

While it is not specifically labeled as a digital nomad visa Czech Republic. The Zivno visa highlights similar features that cater to freelancers and remote workers from outside the EU, allowing them to live and work in the country. This special visa combines the opportunity to explore the Czech Republic which supports the digital nomad lifestyle.

  • Cost for Visa Application: Approximately €100 for the visa application fee, with additional costs for the trade license and other administrative fees that may vary.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa can initially be granted for six months up to 1 year, with the possibility of renewal for longer stays.

Requirements:

  • A valid passport and proof of travel health insurance to cover the entire stay.
  • Evidence of accommodation arranged in the Czech Republic for at least 1 year.
  • A clean criminal record from the applicant’s home country and any other country where they have lived for more than 6 months in the past 3 years.
  • Proof of sufficient funds to cover the stay, typically around 5,587 CZK (about €220) per month, but the exact amount may vary.
  • A business plan or contract of intended work in the Czech Republic, demonstrating the applicant’s freelance or remote working status.
  • Registration for a trade license (Živnostenský list), which is necessary for freelancers intending to work in the Czech Republic.

This visa provides a fantastic opportunity for digital nomads to immerse themselves in the Czech lifestyle, combining work with the exploration of its historic sites, culture, and natural beauty.

Estonia

city buildings near body of water- digital nomad visa europe

Estonia is regarded as the first country to launch a visa catering to digital nomads, Estonia’s pioneering visa is a part of the county’s e-Residency program, promoting remote work and exploration within this digitally advanced European capital.

  • Cost for Visa Application: Approximately €80 for short-stay (Type C) visas and €100 for long-stay (Type D) visas.
  • Duration of Stay: From 90 days up to 1 year, with the possibility to apply for a long-term visa that allows a stay of up to 12 months.

Requirements:

  • Proof of ongoing employment with a company registered outside of Estonia or ownership of a company registered abroad, and conducting business through this entity.
  • A minimum monthly income threshold of approximately €4,500 over the six months preceding the application, ensuring financial stability during the stay in Estonia.
  • Comprehensive health insurance for the duration of the stay.
  • No criminal record.
  • Proof of accommodation in Estonia.
  • The ability to perform work duties remotely and primarily with clients or employers outside of Estonia.

This visa offers digital nomads the chance to enjoy Estonia’s unique combination of ancient charm and cutting-edge digital society.

Germany

community surrounded by green trees and near body of water - digital nomad visa europe

Germany does not have its digital nomad visa but offers the Freelancer Visa and Self-Employment Visa as alternatives. These allow international remote workers, entrepreneurs, and freelancers to live and work in the country.

They cater specifically to those who wish to offer their freelance services to clients within Germany and abroad, blending the flexibility of a nomadic lifestyle with the stability of a European base.

Key details of the Freelancer Visa include:

  • Cost for Visa Application: Approximately €100 for the application, with potential additional fees for issuance and processing.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa can be issued for a period of 3 months up to 3 years, depending on individual circumstances and the specifics of the application, with the possibility of extension or transition to a residence permit.

Requirements:

  • Proof of freelance work: Applicants must provide evidence of their freelance business, including a portfolio, client contracts, and a business plan.
  • Proof of financial sustainability: Applicants need to demonstrate they have sufficient funds to support themselves, typically through bank statements or a letter from a tax advisor.
  • Health insurance: Valid health insurance coverage for the duration of the stay in Germany is mandatory.
  • Registration of address: A registered address in Germany is required upon arrival.
  • Professional qualifications: Evidence of qualifications, including diplomas and references, may be required to prove expertise in the freelance services offered.

Key details of the Self-Employment Visa include:

  • Cost for Visa Application: The fee varies around €100 for the visa application, with additional costs for residency permits and other administrative fees.
  • Duration of Stay: Initially, the visa can be granted for a period of up to three years, with the possibility of applying for permanent residency after this period if the business proves successful and financially viable.

Requirements:

  • A viable business plan that demonstrates the potential impact of the business on the German economy and the need for the business within the country.
  • Proof of financing: Applicants must show they have the financial resources to establish and maintain their business, which can include bank statements, loan agreements, or investor commitments.
  • Relevant experience and qualifications in the field of the proposed business.
  • Health insurance coverage that is valid in Germany for the duration of the stay.
  • Evidence of sufficient living arrangements in Germany.
  • Depending on the business type, additional approvals or permits may be required.

These visas are an excellent opportunity for digital nomads looking to explore Germany’s diverse landscapes and cultural offerings in the absence of a specific digital nomad visa.

Georgia

houses and building near the body of water- digital nomad visa europe

Georgia introduced the “Remotely from Georgia” program, targeting freelancers, remote workers, and digital nomads from 95 countries, allowing them to live and work in Georgia for up to a year.

This initiative reflects Georgia’s welcoming stance towards digital nomads, offering a blend of rich culture, affordable living, and a vibrant expat community.

  • Cost for Visa Application: There is no specific visa application fee for this program, but applicants must meet certain financial and health insurance requirements.
  • Duration of Stay: Eligible individuals can stay in Georgia for up to 12 months, with the possibility of extension under certain conditions.

Requirements:

  • Proof of employment or ownership of a company outside Georgia, allowing for remote work.
  • A minimum monthly income of at least $2,000 or at least $24,000 in savings ensuring financial independence during their stay.
  • Health insurance coverage for the duration of the stay in Georgia.
  • Completion of an online application form, providing personal information, proof of income, and health insurance.

This program is an attractive option for digital nomads looking to explore the unique blend of Asia and Europe that Georgia offers, alongside its historic sites, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality.

Iceland

a man in between icy mountains with light during night time- digital nomad visa europe

Iceland offers a Long-Term Visa for remote workers, including digital nomads, allowing them to live and work in the country for up to 6 months. This initiative caters to non-EU/EEA individuals seeking to experience Iceland’s stunning landscapes and uniqueness, while working for a foreign employer or their own foreign-based company.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The application fee is approximately ranging from €88 to €160.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa is valid for up to 6 months, a one-time opportunity without the option for renewal.
  • No online application: Must apply for the visa with Iceland’s Directorate of Immigration.

Requirements:

  • Employment with a company registered outside of Iceland or ownership of a company that does not engage in business within Iceland.
  • A minimum monthly income of approximately 1,000,000 ISK (around €7,400) for individuals or 1,300,000 ISK (about €9,600) for those accompanied by a spouse or partner, ensuring financial stability during their stay.
  • Proof of comprehensive health insurance coverage for the duration of the stay in Iceland.
  • No criminal record and a valid passport.
  • Proof of accommodation in Iceland.
  • The applicant must not have been issued a visa to Iceland in the 12 months preceding the application.

This visa offers a unique opportunity for digital nomads to immerse themselves in the Icelandic way of life, known for its breathtaking natural beauty, safety, and high quality of living while maintaining their freelance or remote work activities.

Norway

red barn house on top of the rocks near body of water and high rock mountain- digital nomad visa europe

Norway doesn’t offer a specific visa for digital nomads, making it necessary to fit into existing visa or residence permit categories, each with its own set of requirements, limitations, and application processes. Finding a suitable legal pathway to reside in Norway as a digital nomad can be complex and restrictive.

Svalbard (Norway) Special Visa

While Svalbard is generally visa-free, especially for EE/EEU citizens, this special ‘visa’ allows foreign freelancers to live and work indefinitely in Norway’s remote northern region.

  • Duration: 6 months
  • Requirements:
    • Applicant must have a valid passport (a 6-month validity period is usually required).
    • Proof of being self-employed or working for a non-Norwegian company.
    • Proof of a minimum gross annual income of €35,719 (bank statement)
    • Health insurance
    • A contract with a Norwegian client must state the minimum salary for a skilled employee which is set at 189,39 NOK per hour (approx. 40 euros per hour)
    • Proof of accommodation in Norway
    • Completed and signed application form and two passport photos.

Self-Employment Visa (also known as the Independent Contractor Visa)

This is not a traditional visa rather it is a permit that is designed for individuals planning to run their own business in Norway. It requires a detailed business plan and proof of sufficient funds to sustain the business and personal living expenses for at least one year.

Features:

  • Duration: Up to two years, with the possibility of renewal.
  • Requirement:
    • Must show that the business has the potential to make a profit and the applicant can support themselves.
    • A minimum of NOK 200,000 (roughly €20,000) in startup capital for most businesses is often required.
    • Applicants must have relevant qualifications or experience in their business field.

Residence Permit

Norway’s residence permit is not a visa in the traditional sense but rather permission for a longer stay with the possibility to live, and possibly work or study, in Norway beyond the typical tourist visa limits. While not specifically designed as a “Digital Nomad Visa,” certain types of residence permits may potentially accommodate the lifestyle of a digital nomad.

A residence permit is required for stays longer than 90 days and can be issued for various purposes, including work, study, family immigration, or for protection (asylum). For digital nomads intending to stay in Norway longer and possibly engage in local economic activities (like running their own business as a freelancer), a residence permit that aligns with their specific situation (e.g., self-employment) would be more appropriate.

Features:

  • Right to Reside: You can legally stay in Norway for the duration of your permit.
  • Work: Depending on the permit, you may have the right to work in Norway.
  • Education: Access to education for those with study permits.
  • Healthcare: Access to Norway’s public healthcare system.
  • Family Reunification: The possibility to bring certain family members to Norway under specific conditions.
  • Path to Permanent Residency: After living in Norway under certain types of residence permits for a specified period, you may be eligible to apply for permanent residency.
  • Requirements:
    • Sufficient Funds– Applicants must often prove they have enough money to support themselves during their stay in Norway. The required amount can vary, but it’s intended to cover living expenses for a year and is adjusted annually, which can be around 300,000 NOK per year (US$33,333) to 480,000 NOK per year (US$53,333).
    • Health Insurance– Applicants need to have health insurance that covers them until they become eligible for the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme.
    • Accommodation– Proof of a suitable place to live in Norway is usually required. This could be a rental contract or a confirmation of a housing arrangement.
    • Clean Criminal Record– A clean criminal record is typically required for those applying for a residence permit. Some permits may require a police certificate from your home country or any country where you’ve lived for more than six months.

Skilled Workers Permit

This permit is applicable for individuals who have a job offer from a Norwegian employer or for freelancers with professional qualifications who can prove contracts or work engagements in Norway.

Features:

  • Duration: Up to three years, with the possibility of renewal and eventual permanent residency.
  • Requirement:
    • Must have a job offer or contract with Norwegian clients and meet certain income requirements.
    • The job or contracts must require skilled qualifications.

Job Seekers (Visa-free citizens)

Though not directly a work permit, this opportunity allows highly qualified individuals to stay in Norway for up to six months to seek employment or explore business opportunities. It’s suitable for those with a higher education or specialized skill set looking to establish themselves in Norway.

  • Duration: 6 months up to three years
  • Requirement:
    • Must demonstrate a higher educational level or special qualifications
    • Show evidence of sufficient funds to support oneself during the stay (approximately NOK 24,713 per month or a total of NOK 148 278 for six months).

Each of these alternatives has its own set of requirements and application processes, and the suitability of each depends on the individual’s professional background, the nature of their work, and their long-term intentions in Norway. It’s crucial to consult the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) for the most current information and guidance on applying.

Spain

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Spain has introduced a Digital Nomad Visa as part of its Startup Law, aimed at attracting international remote workers and digital entrepreneurs to live and work in Spain while contributing to the local economy. This visa allows non-EU citizens to reside in Spain.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The application fee varies depending on the applicant’s nationality but is generally around €80 for short-stay visas and up to €100 for long-stay visas.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa can be granted for an initial period of 1 year and is renewable for up to 2 additional years, provided the conditions are still met. After these periods, applicants can apply for a long-term residence permit.

Requirements:

  • Proof of steady, ongoing remote work with a non-Spanish company, or freelance contracts with clients outside Spain.
  • A minimum monthly income of approximately €2,000 to ensure financial independence, with this amount increasing for additional family members.
  • Health insurance coverage with a company operating in Spain.
  • Must have no criminal record, both in Spain and in the countries where the applicant has resided during the last five years.
  • Proof of accommodation in Spain.
  • Applicants must not have been resident in Spain in the five years preceding the application to qualify for the special tax regime.

Portugal

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Portugal’s Digital Nomad Visa, often associated with the D7 Visa (Residence Visa for Entrepreneurs, Freelancers, and Remote Workers), is designed for individuals with a stable remote income, allowing them to live in Portugal while working for companies or clients outside of the country.

  • Cost for Visa Application: Approximately €83 for the visa application process, plus around €72 for the subsequent residence permit application.
  • Duration of Stay: The D7 Visa initially grants a 4-month stay, which can be converted into a one-year residence permit upon arrival in Portugal. The residence permit is renewable for successive two-year periods.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Income: Applicants must demonstrate a stable passive income of at least €705 per month for the main applicant. This threshold increases for each additional family member (50% for the spouse and 30% for each child).
    • Accommodation: Proof of rental agreement or property ownership in Portugal, or an alternative form of accommodation.
    • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance that is valid in Portugal.
    • Clean Criminal Record: From the country of residence for the past year.
    • Tax Identification: Registration with the Portuguese tax authorities may be required after arrival.

The D7 Visa is an attractive option for digital nomads seeking to explore Portugal’s culture and lifestyle.

Latvia

Aerial view of a community near the bridge and body of water- digital nomad visa europe

Latvia introduced a special visa program, allowing remote workers and freelancers from non-EU countries to live and work in the country while being employed or owning businesses outside of Latvia. This initiative enables digital nomads to explore Latvia’s rich cultural heritage and natural beauty.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The application fee for a long-term visa is around €60, while the residence permit application fee varies depending on the processing time, with standard fees around €100 for normal processing and €120 for expedited processing.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa can be issued for up to a year and renewable for another year, with the possibility of applying for a temporary residence permit that can be extended.

Requirements:

  • Proof of Sufficient Income: Applicants must demonstrate a stable monthly income of at least twice the average monthly salary in Latvia which is around €2,857/month ($3,085).
  • Employment or Business Ownership: Evidence of being employed by a company registered outside of Latvia or owning a company that does not conduct business with Latvian entities.
  • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage for the duration of the stay.
  • Clean Criminal Record: A document proving the applicant has no criminal record.
  • Accommodation: Proof of a place to stay in Latvia.

This visa offers an exciting opportunity for digital nomads to enjoy Latvia’s unique combination of modern innovation and traditional culture, set against the backdrop of its stunning landscapes.

Romania

brown and beige building on top of the hill and some houses near the road - digital nomad visa europe

In late 2021, Romania introduced a Digital Nomad Visa to attract remote workers and freelancers from non-EU countries, allowing them to live and work in Romania while being employed by companies or owning businesses outside of Romania. This visa aims to bring digital nomads to enjoy Romania’s rich history, vibrant culture, and affordable cost of living, all while contributing to the local economy through their remote work.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The fee for the visa application can vary, but it’s approximately €100, with potential additional fees for the residence permit process.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa allows for a stay of up to 12 months, with the possibility of extension under certain conditions.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Sufficient Income: Applicants need to demonstrate a stable income higher than the average gross salary in Romania, generally around 3,300 RON (approximately €670) per month, for the last 6 months.
    • Employment or Business Ownership: Proof of being employed by a company registered outside of Romania or owning a company that does not conduct its primary business activities in Romania.
    • Health Insurance: Valid health insurance for the duration of the stay in Romania.
    • Accommodation: Evidence of arranged accommodation in Romania for the duration of the stay.
    • Clean Criminal Record: Applicants must have a clean criminal record in their home country and any other countries where they have resided.

Malta

white structure building near the edge of the rock hill beside body of water

Since 2021, Malta has been offering a Nomad Residence Permit, designed for non-EU/EEA remote workers and digital nomads, enabling them to live in Malta while continuing to work for employers or own businesses outside the country. This allows individuals to enjoy Malta’s Mediterranean lifestyle, all while benefiting from a supportive environment for remote work.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The application fee is approximately €300.
  • Duration of Stay: The permit is initially valid for one year but is renewable for those who wish to extend their stay.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Employment or Business Ownership: Applicants must be employed by a company registered outside of Malta or own a business registered abroad, and the work can be performed remotely.
    • Minimum Monthly Income: A stable income of at least €2,700 gross per month.
    • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage for the applicant and any dependents.
    • Rental or Purchase Agreement: Proof of a rented or purchased property in Malta.
    • Clean Criminal Record: Applicants must have a clean criminal background.

This permit offers professional flexibility and the opportunity to immerse in the Maltese community, making it appealing for digital nomads seeking a balance between work and life.

Montenegro

aerial view of a community with red roof and high buildings near body of water- digital nomad visa europe

Montenegro has introduced a Digital Nomad Visa also known as the “Program for Attracting Digital Nomads in Montenegro” to attract remote workers from around the globe, allowing them to live and work in the country for up to a year while enjoying its stunning Adriatic coastline and mountainous northern regions. This visa aims to offer digital nomads the opportunity to experience Montenegro fostering a unique work-life balance in a rapidly growing tourist destination.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The cost varies, but applicants can expect to pay around 60 EUR for the visa application, with additional fees for the residence permit.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa is valid for up to 1 year, with the possibility for renewal under certain conditions.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Sufficient Income: Applicants must demonstrate a stable monthly income to support their stay; the specific amount required is not universally fixed but is expected to be around €3,500.
    • Employment or Business Ownership: Proof of being employed by a company registered outside of Montenegro or owning a company that does not conduct business within Montenegro.
    • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage for the duration of the stay in Montenegro.
    • Clean Criminal Record: A document certifying the applicant has no criminal record.
    • Accommodation: Proof of accommodation in Montenegro, such as a rental agreement or property ownership.

This visa not only provides a gateway for digital nomads to explore and enjoy Montenegro’s lifestyle and landscapes but also supports the country’s economy by attracting international remote workers.

Greece

boat sailing in the ocean showing old houses and building nearby

Greece has introduced a Digital Nomad Visa to welcome remote workers from non-EU countries, allowing them to live and work in Greece for up to a year, with the possibility of extension. This visa enables digital nomads to enjoy Greece’s sunny climate, beautiful landscapes, and rich historical sites while continuing their professional activities for employers or businesses based outside of Greece.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The application fee is around €75 for the visa and €150 for the administration fee. Additional fees apply for the residence permit application.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa allows for a stay of up to 12 months, and it can be extended for an additional year up to a maximum of three years.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Sufficient Income: Applicants must demonstrate a stable income of at least €3,500 per month, after taxes. This amount increases by 20% for a spouse and 15% for each child.
    • Employment or Business Ownership: Proof of employment with a company registered outside of Greece or ownership of a company that conducts business activities primarily outside of Greece.
    • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage that is valid in Greece.
    • Clean Criminal Record: Applicants must provide a certificate proving a clean criminal record from their home country or any country they have resided in for the last five years.
    • Accommodation: Proof of accommodation in Greece, such as a rental agreement or property deed.

Hungary

high building in the middle of the city light up near the street and bridge during night time- digital nomad visa europe

Hungary offers a “White Card,” a type of residence permit specifically designed for digital nomads from non-EU countries, allowing them to live and work in Hungary for up to one year, with the possibility of extension. This initiative enables remote workers to enjoy Hungary’s rich cultural heritage, active city life, and scenic countryside while maintaining their employment with companies registered outside of Hungary.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The application fee ranges from €110 to €123, with an additional government fee for the issuance of the residence permit.
  • Duration of Stay: The permit is valid for up to 1 year and can be extended for another year under certain conditions.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Sufficient Income: Applicants must prove a stable income from remote work, with a minimum monthly income requirement that is typically around €2,000.
    • Employment or Business Ownership: Proof of being employed by a company registered outside of Hungary or owning a business that does not engage in any economic activities in Hungary.
    • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage for the duration of the stay in Hungary.
    • Accommodation: Proof of secured accommodation in Hungary, such as a lease agreement.
    • Clean Criminal Record: A document certifying that the applicant has no criminal record in their home country or any other country where they have lived for more than 90 days in the past year.

This permit offers a great opportunity for digital nomads to explore Hungary’s unique blend of Eastern and Western European cultures, all while enjoying the benefits of a supportive environment for remote work.

Cyprus

aerial view showing buildings and resort near the beach

Cyprus has introduced a Digital Nomad Visa also known as the “Digital Nomad Visa Scheme” to attract remote workers and freelancers from non-EU countries, allowing them to live and work in Cyprus while enjoying its Mediterranean lifestyle, beautiful beaches, and sunny climate. This visa aims to offer digital nomads the opportunity to benefit from Cyprus’s high quality of life and strategic location at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

  • Cost for Visa Application: Specific fees for the Digital Nomad Visa application have not been widely published. However, there are fees for their Residence permit – €70 ($76), and Registration at Aliens’ Registry – €70 ($76) (one-time).
  • Duration of Stay: The visa is expected to allow stays of up to 1 year, with the possibility of renewal for up to two years for individuals who continue to meet the visa requirements.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Sufficient Income: Applicants will likely need to demonstrate a stable and sufficient income from remote work, with expectations around a minimum income of at least €3,500/month.
    • Employment or Business Ownership: Proof of being employed by a company registered outside of Cyprus or owning a business that conducts its activities predominantly with clients outside of Cyprus.
    • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage valid in Cyprus for the duration of the stay.
    • Clean Criminal Record: A certificate proving the applicant has no criminal record.
    • Accommodation: Evidence of rental accommodation in Cyprus or other forms of housing arrangements.

Given the novelty of this visa and the evolving nature of digital nomad visa policies globally, it’s crucial to consult official Cypriot immigration websites or contact their embassies directly

Italy

boat sailing in the middle of the body of water surrounded by buildings- digital nomad visa europe

Italy has passed into law a Digital Nomad Visa for non-EU citizens, allowing remote workers and freelancers to live and work in Italy but it is still awaiting formal implementation. This visa, once launched, aims to attract digital professionals seeking to combine their work with the Italian dolce vita, fostering a unique lifestyle of productivity and leisure.

  • Cost for Visa Application: The application fee will vary depending on the applicant’s nationality and the consulate’s specific requirements, but it generally ranges from €80 to €116.
  • Duration of Stay: The visa can be issued for stays of up to 1 year, with the possibility of converting it into a longer-term residence permit once in Italy.
  • Requirements:
    • Proof of Sufficient Income: Applicants must demonstrate a stable income from remote work, with a minimum threshold that is yet to be clearly defined but is expected to be competitive with other countries’ digital nomad visas.
    • Employment or Business Ownership: Evidence of being employed by a company registered outside of Italy or owning a company that conducts business predominantly outside of Italy.
    • Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance coverage that is valid in Italy for the duration of the stay.
    • Clean Criminal Record: A certificate proving the applicant has no criminal record, both in their home country and any other countries where they have resided.
    • Accommodation: Proof of a place to stay in Italy, such as a rental agreement or property ownership.

This visa will provide an excellent opportunity for digital nomads to immerse themselves in the Italian culture and lifestyle while doing remote work in a country known for its contributions to art, history, and cuisine.

What is the Digital Nomad Visa Europe?

The Digital Nomad Visa in Europe is not a singular pass, but rather a unique visa category of many European countries tailored specifically for remote workers and allows digital nomads to reside in a European country for extended periods, typically ranging from six months to two years (some countries allow long term stay for up to 5 years), depending on the country.

These visas are uniquely designed for digital nomads and remote workers who desire to live and work in Europe, with the advantage of enjoying tax-free benefits, access to travel in Schengen countries without the need for tourist visas, and for some countries, provide a path to citizenship after legally staying for several years.

The requirements generally include proof of steady remote income to ensure sustainability in the country of residence, health insurance, and a clean criminal record, with some countries offering additional benefits like tax breaks or pathways to longer-term residency.

The introduction of these visas in countries like Estonia, Croatia, Portugal, Greece, and several others marks a progressive step towards accommodating the evolving work and lifestyle patterns in the digital age, offering digital nomads the flexibility to blend work with the rich experiences of European living​​​​​​.

Resources to Stay Up to Date with Visa Changes

European Commission

Atlys.com

iVisa.com

World Visa Guide

Do I Need a Digital Nomad Visa in Europe?

bridge above the water near the city during night time

Whether you need a Digital Nomad Visa for Europe largely depends on your nationality, the duration of your stay, and your work arrangements. If you plan to spend more time for remote work in a European country, then you need a digital nomad visa, especially for non-EU citizens to ensure their legal and hassle-free extended stay in a European country.

These visas cater specifically to individuals who work for companies or clients located outside the host country and typically allow for stays longer than the standard 90 days permitted under a tourist visa in the Schengen Area. Some countries also offer tax-free benefits for foreign income.

The visas offer these advantages;

  1. It eliminates the legal gray area often associated with working while on a tourist visa, where the rules can be ambiguous and vary by country.
  2. It provides the opportunity to integrate more deeply into the local culture and community, something that is restricted by the short duration of tourist visas.
  3. The Digital Nomad Visa often comes with additional benefits like access to local services, potential tax advantages, and the ability to join thriving digital nomad communities, which can significantly enhance your remote working experience in Europe.

Best Places to Live or Explore In Europe for Digital Nomads

Tallinn, Estonia “A Digital Haven for E-Residents”

top view of a city full of rock made houses surrounded by green trees

With the pioneering Estonia digital nomad visa, Tallinn offers a unique e-residency program, perfect for digital nomads with companies registered abroad.

The city is a haven for digital nomad communities, affordable co-working spaces, and a straightforward application process for the digital nomad visa. Plus, Estonia’s digital infrastructure is one of the best in Europe.

Lisbon, Portugal “Where History Meets Digital Lifestyle”

city view during night time- digital nomad visa europe

Lisbon, a hub for digital nomads, offers the Portugal digital nomad visa with a simple application process. The city’s low cost of living, rich culture, sunny beaches, and thriving digital nomad community make it an ideal destination.

Lisbon is also known for its excellent co-working spaces and a friendly environment for foreign nationals.

Zagreb, Croatia “Blend of Culture and Connectivity”

concrete made buildings with people walking in the street

Experience Croatia’s rich culture when staying in Zagreb. The city is increasingly popular among digital nomads for its affordable lifestyle, co-working spaces, and welcoming local community.

The application process for the Croatia digital nomad visa is user-friendly, catering to remote workers and freelancers. Tkalčićeva Street, British Square (Britanski trg), and the city center are three great locations in Zagreb for digital nomads.

Athens, Greece “Mythical Charm with Modern Conveniences”

rocky mountain at the back showing ruin rock structure and down is a community with people walking in the street- digital nomad visa europe

With Greece’s digital nomad visa, Athens offers a blend of historical sites and modern living. The temporary resident visa process is straightforward, and the city’s affordable cost of living, along with its vibrant digital nomad communities, makes it a top choice.

Athens provides an excellent balance of work and leisure for digital nomads. Koukaki, Exarchia, and Plaka are three great locations in Athens for digital nomads, offering a mix of ancient history, street art, and cozy cafes, along with numerous coworking spaces.

Budapest, Hungary “Architectural Beauty with a Digital Twist”

man riding a horse statue in the middle of the street

Known for its stunning architecture, Budapest is a popular destination for digital nomads, ideal for those looking for a city with a low cost of living and rich history. The city has a strong network of co-working spaces and is popular among highly skilled workers in the digital nomad community.

District V (City Center), District VII (Jewish Quarter), and District IX (Ferencváros) are three great locations in Budapest for digital nomads, combining historic architecture, active nightlife, and numerous cafes and coworking spaces.

Cyprus “Sun-Kissed Workspaces”

houses in the hill surrounded by green trees- digital nomad visa europe

Limassol, Paphos, and Nicosia are great locations in Cyprus for digital nomads, offering a blend of city life, cultural experiences, and access to beautiful beaches and coworking spaces.

The city offers affordable living, a supportive community for digital nomads, and a straightforward visa application process for non-EU citizens.

Berlin, Germany “A Cultural Melting Pot for the Modern Worker”

city view full of light with body of water during night time

Kreuzberg, Mitte, and Prenzlauer Berg are excellent locations in Berlin for digital nomads, known for their lively atmospheres, abundance of coworking spaces, and vibrant cultural and social scenes.

The application process requires some documentation (which includes a nomad residence permit) but is a gateway to one of Europe’s most dynamic cities.

Barcelona, Spain “Where Creativity Meets the Coast”

aerial city view with buildings near the beach- digital nomad visa europe

Spain’s digital nomad visa opens doors to Barcelona’s artistic streets and beachside cafes. Gràcia, El Born, and Poblenou are fantastic locations in Barcelona for digital nomads, offering a mix of artistic communities, tech hubs, and beachside charm, along with numerous coworking spaces.

Riga, Latvia “Historic Charm with Digital Ease”

aerial shot of the city full of buildings near body of water

Latvia is one of the digital nomad visa countries that offers digital nomads a chance to explore Riga’s rich history and vibrant culture.

Centrs (City Center), Āgenskalns, and Miera Iela (Peace Street) are three great locations in Riga for digital nomads, known for their lively atmosphere, historic architecture, and abundance of cafes and coworking spaces. The city is gaining popularity for its affordable living costs, welcoming digital nomad community, and straightforward visa application process.

Tirana, Albania “Emerging Hotspot for Nomadic Living”

aerial view of the city with square like stage in the middle of the street

Albania’s digital nomad visa is a recent addition, offering an opportunity to explore Tirana’s unique culture and lifestyle. Blloku (The Block), Zogu I Boulevard, and Tirana’s city center are excellent locations in Tirana for digital nomads, offering modern urban conveniences, numerous cafes, and coworking spaces amidst the city’s cultural and historical landmarks.

The city is affordable and has a growing digital nomad community, making it an intriguing option for those looking for an off-the-beaten-path experience.

Paris, France “Romantic Backdrop for Remote Creativity”

Eiffel tower on the background showing busy street full of people

Paris, with its iconic landmarks and vibrant culture, is ideal for digital nomads looking for inspiration. France’s digital nomad visa offers a gateway to this enchanting city.

Paris boasts a high-quality lifestyle, numerous co-working spaces, and a thriving expat community. The cost of living is higher, but the cultural experiences are unparalleled.

Prague, Czech Republic “Bohemian Rhapsody Meets Digital Era”

bridge full of people walking with houses and buildings on the other side

Prague’s picturesque setting and rich history make it a captivating destination. The Czech Republic’s digital nomad visa opens doors to this bohemian paradise, which is also known for its affordable cost of living and vibrant digital nomad communities.

Vinohrady, Prague 2; Malá Strana, and Karlín are great locations in Prague for digital nomads, known for their charming streets, abundance of cafes, and numerous coworking spaces set against the backdrop of historic architecture.

Reykjavik, Iceland “Where Fire and Ice Coexist”

top view of the city showing houses and building near body of water

Reykjavik offers a unique experience with its stunning natural landscapes and modern city life. Iceland’s digital nomad visa allows remote workers to explore this unique destination, known for its safety, high-quality life, and innovative culture.

Downtown Reykjavik, Hlemmur, and Grandi are three great locations for digital nomads, offering a mix of cultural activities, cozy cafes, and coworking spaces, all within Iceland’s capital.

Valletta, Malta “Sun-Drenched Days, Historic Nights”

Valletta is an ideal destination for digital nomads who love history and the sea. Malta’s digital nomad visa offers the chance to live in a UNESCO World Heritage site with a robust expat community, co-working spaces, and a pleasant Mediterranean climate. Sliema and St. Julian’s are excellent locations for digital nomads

Digital Nomad Visa Europe– Summary

Europe, with its stunning blend of cultural diversity, rich history, and high quality of life, continues to be a magnet for digital nomads globally, with Digital Nomad Visas and alternatives opening doors to exploring, learning, and supporting the nomadic lifestyle.

European digital nomad visas cater to a broad spectrum of digital nomads – whether you are self-employed, working for a foreign company, or an independent contractor. They address the essentials, from legal work status and extended stay possibilities to access to co-working spaces and connecting with digital nomad communities. They also ease the financial aspects with potential tax benefits and affordable living options in many destinations.

For those keen on delving deeper into the digital nomad lifestyle in Europe, check out our posts covering different aspects of nomadic living – from detailed guides on specific visa application processes to insights into the best destinations for every type of traveler.

Happy travels and productive work!

Digital Nomad Visa Europe– FAQs

Which European Country makes it easy to get a Digital Nomad Visa?

The ease of obtaining a digital nomad visa varies depending on several factors, including your nationality, income, and the specific requirements of each country. However, countries like Estonia and Portugal are often cited as having relatively straightforward application processes.

Estonia’s digital nomad visa, as part of its dedicated digital nomad program, offers a clear application process for those with a company registered abroad or employed by foreign companies. Portugal, with its new digital nomad visa, also offers a streamlined process, especially for individuals meeting the minimum monthly income requirement and having necessary health and travel insurance.

Who is Eligible for a Digital Nomad Visa?

Eligibility for a digital nomad visa typically includes several key criteria: being self-employed or having an employment contract with a foreign company, providing a stable monthly income (the minimum monthly income requirement varies by country), and having comprehensive health insurance.

Some countries might have additional requirements, like a clean criminal record or a bank account in the host country. For example, the Greek digital nomad visa and the Albania digital nomad visa may have different income requirements or stipulations regarding local taxes and tax residency.

Which Country is the best for Digital Nomads?

The “best” country for digital nomads can depend on personal preferences and needs. Factors to consider include cost of living, digital infrastructure, lifestyle, and the specific terms of the digital nomad visa.

For a rich cultural experience and a vibrant digital nomad community, countries like Greece and Portugal are often favored. The Greek digital nomad visa and Portugal’s digital nomad program offer access to beautiful locations, a favorable climate, and a chance to be part of thriving expat communities.

Which Country has the cheapest Digital Nomad Visa?

When considering the cost of a digital nomad visa, it’s important to factor in not just the visa fee but also the cost of living and potential income tax implications. Countries like Cyprus and Albania often come up with more affordable options.

The Cyprus digital nomad visa and the Albania digital nomad visa offer a lower cost of living compared to other European countries, and their visa application fees are relatively affordable. However, always consider the overall financial requirements, including proof of income and health insurance costs.

What are the tax implications for Digital Nomads in Europe?

Digital nomad visa holders need to carefully consider the tax implications in their chosen country. While some countries offer tax breaks or a period of exemption from paying local taxes, others might require you to pay tax if you stay for a certain period.

For instance, under the Greek digital nomad remote work visa, you might be exempt from paying income tax for a specific time. It’s crucial to understand the tax residency rules of the host country and how they might affect your overall tax obligations. Consulting with a tax professional familiar with digital nomad visas and international tax law is advisable for detailed and personalized information.

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